You wake up a bit later than usual and you realize you’re running late for work. As you rush to open the door, you notice that it doesn’t fully open. Moreover, you hear some loud snapping at the door.
These are some of the key warning signs of a broken garage door spring. Interestingly, families now use the door beyond its main function of securing their vehicles. About 71% of American families say that they use their garage door as their new front door.
Thus, leaving your garage door spring broken will cause all kinds of delays and hassle. Thankfully, you can fix the springs in DIY style.
Continue reading below as we teach you how to perform a garage door spring repair.
Identify the Type of Door Springs You Have: The Torsion Springs
A typical garage door repair service will cost you anywhere between $125 and $290. If you take on the task of replacing your broken garage door spring, you can save a lot of money.
However, the first step is to identify the type of springs you have. Garage springs are often segregated into two categories: torsion springs and extension springs. Torsion springs are broad springs that you find right above the door opening.
Moreover, these springs feature a metal shaft with aluminum drums on either end of the shaft. Generally, a garage door may feature one to four torsion springs. The manufacturers wind the springs to specific torsions to match the door assembly.
Furthermore, there are four types of torsion springs. There is the standard, the early-set, the steel rolling-door, and the torque-master torsion springs. The standard torsion springs are the default choice for lighter doors.
It only uses one spring for it to operate. Meanwhile, the early-set torsion springs are similar to the standard ones. However, you mount them right in the middle of the torsion shaft.
As for the steel rolling-door springs, they feature a torsion barrel to raise the door. Generally, this type of door spring is what industrial and commercial buildings use. Lastly, the torque-master springs feature a different construction. Here, it is the torsion shaft that encloses the springs. They also use a winding cone at the end of each torsion rods to hold them in place.
The Extension Springs
Moving over to the extension springs, these are the long and springy types of springs. You see them running parallel to the horizontal tracks of your garage door. Extension springs work by storing energy whenever you open the door.
When the door opens, the spring extends and stretches. This allows the spring to store energy that it will use to open and shut the door.
As for the different types of extension springs, there are three: the open-looped, the double-looped, and the clipped-end. Open-looped springs are often the weakest ones. An open wire at the end of the door is what it relies on for it to perform its functions.
If the wire breaks, you will need to replace the spring mechanism altogether. Meanwhile, the double-looped springs offer more durability. Instead of relying on a single wire, it uses two coils that connect to the eyebolt and pulley.
As for the clipped-end extension springs, these will last you longer than the first two. Because of their robust construction, they can work on doors that weigh over 200lbs.
Remove the Old Torsion Springs
Replacing damaged garage door springs begins by removing the old ones. There are different ways of doing so, depending on the type of springs you have. To remove your old torsion springs, you must first unplug the garage door opener.
This will keep the door closed as you work on the springs. Also, you need to clamp the door to the track. Get your reliable C-clamp or locking pliers to secure the door to the track.
You want to keep it from opening as you release the springs’ tension. Next, loosen the set of screws using a wrench. Make sure to wear a pair of gloves and eye protection for safety.
Before you loosen the screws, hold each spring using a winding bar. As you begin unscrewing, maintain a firm grip on the bar.
Remove the nuts and bolts that secure the springs to the center bracket. Thereafter, slowly slide each spring toward the end of the bracket. Using your C-clamp, you want to secure the torsion tube to the center bracket.
You don’t want the tube to move. From there, take your wrench and loosen the screws on the lift cable drums. Disconnect the cables then slide the springs and drums off the tube. After removing everything, get the exact measurement of the relaxed spring.
Get a tape measure and find out its length. This will be your basis for your replacement rings.
Install the New Ones
To install the new door springs, slide the left one onto the torsion tube. Make sure the end is facing the left direction. From there, replace the cable drum you earlier removed.
Insert the torsion bar into the left bearing bracket and install the center bearing. Next, move on to the right spring and slide it onto the bar. Make sure to press the bearing into the cone.
Connect both stationary cones onto the center bracket using the same nuts and bolts you removed. Take out the C-clamp from the bracket and start threading the cables. You also need to tighten the drums.
Your goal is to achieve the same amount of tension on both sides. Insert the two winding bars into the cone. Start winding the springs by turning the bars. After completely winding the springs, stretch them out to about 1⁄4 inch or 0.64 cm.
Do the same thing on the other side. Complete the installation by tightening all screws and adding some lubrication.
Replace Your Broken Garage Door Spring with Quality Materials
Now that you know how to fix a broken garage door spring, you can save the money you will spend on garage door services. Also, you can restore the function of your garage door in no time. However, you need to make sure you’re using the right materials that will give the best value for your money.
Check out our extensive selection of high-quality items for your garage door spring replacement needs. Connect with us and let’s discuss your options, today!