Garage door hinges are a central component to the structure and operation of your garage door. Given the hard work they do moving a garage door up and down, they can wear out over time. If your door is making strange sounds when opening and closing, it could be a sign that your hinges need replacement.
When they do, your garage door may not function as it should. And this can cause damage to other components of your door and even make it hazardous to use. For this reason, even if they are working properly, you should inspect garage door hinges every six months for signs of cracking, breaking, or rust.
DIY garage door repair can be a bit tricky and even dangerous. But replacing garage door hinges is much easier than other parts, like cables or springs. And it can lengthen the life of your door and even save you money down the road.
With the right information, you can replace hinges yourself. You can get your garage door back working, and save on repair services. Keep reading to find out how.
Garage Door Hinges: The Basics
Your garage door hinge is the metal part that fastens the panels together and allows them to bend when opening and closing. There are many different garage door hinge types, and they are unique in design and function.
Garage door end hinges are numbered according to their place on the door. This is done in sequential order from the bottom up. For instance, the bottom-most hinge is a #1; the next one up is a #2; and so forth. All of the center hinges are all #1 hinges.
Each hinge should have its number engraved on its surface. It is very important that you have the correct replacement part so that your garage door hangs and opens correctly. If not, you could end up with incorrect spacing along the sides of your door.
Hinges can wear out over time. They can break, or their screws can become loose. If you experience any of these situations, immediately stop using your garage door and replace the components.
Replace the Hinge(s)
The steps for replacing a garage door hinge are straightforward. But follow them carefully to ensure that the job is done right.
1. Find the Right Part
There are many different garage door hinge sizes and shapes. Most garage doors come with thinner, 18-gauge hinges. If this is the case with your door, you may consider replacing them with more robust, longer-lasting hinges.
Be sure the replacement hinge will work with your door. You can find garage door hinge replacements at your local hardware store. But, for a greater variety and competitive prices, look online for the best hinge options.
2. Prepare the Door
Once you have the appropriate replacement hinge, move your garage door into the up position. This makes accessing the hinges more difficult, but it is the safest position to work on the door because door spring tension is minimal.
Next, secure the door with clamps below the bottom rollers to ensure that it stays up and does not move during the repair. If you don’t have clamps, you could use a board to wedge under the door to stabilize it.
While you’re working on the door, it is a good idea to turn the power off to the opener. You can do this either at the electric breaker or by unplugging the motor from the outlet.
Gather appropriate tools for removing screws or bolts holding hinges in place. A screwdriver may be enough, but for hard-to-loosen screws, you might need an impact wrench.
3. Replace Hinges
Remove and replace each hinge before moving onto another one. This will minimize how much the garage door panels shift or sag during the installation.
Remove the screws holding the fasteners securing each hinge. Then tilt it outward to disengage the roller from the vertical track.
If you’re not replacing the roller, remove it from the old hinge and attach it to the new one. It’s a good idea to add a light-duty lubricant to the roller.
Be sure to put the roller back into the right hinge carrier and insert it into the vertical track. Then reattach the new hinge to the garage door panel. Be certain to tighten the bolts in the two fasteners on the top and bottom of the roller carrier.
4. Test the Door
Be sure the new hinge or hinges appear aligned and are holding securely to the door panels. Also, double-check that you installed the hinges right-side-up. Then, remove the clamps or brace holding the door in the up position, and plug in the motor.
Finally, test opening and closing the door to ensure it is moving smoothly. It’s a good idea to do this manually, using the emergency release cord. As opposed to the motor, if the door is not moving as it should, you can stop the motion and avoid potential damage to the door.
Start Garage Door Hinge Replacement Today
Now that you know how to repair garage door hinges, you can get your garage door up and running in no time. Once you have the right parts, swapping out these important components can help your garage door run more efficiently. And it can even lengthen its lifespan.
At DIY Garage Door Parts, we have all the information you need to install a new or fix up an existing garage door. Be sure to check out our other blog posts and instructional videos on garage door parts replacement.
Also, our staff is available to help you find the right part for your garage door and answer any questions you might have about the repair. Reach out to our professionals today, so they can assist you.